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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 103-110

Clinical outcome of femtosecond laser flap formation versus mechanical microkeratome in laser in situ keratomileusis for treatment of myopia


1 Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine for Girls, Al Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Al Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
MSc Dina F Rashad
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Al Azhar University, Nasr City 11754, Cairo
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/djo.djo_79_20

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Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate and to compare the thickness and morphology of femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) and mechanical microkeratome flaps using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). Patients and methods This prospective, interventional, comparative clinical study was performed on 60 eyes of 30 patients. Flaps were created in 30 eyes using the WaveLight FS200 FS laser and in 30 eyes using the Moria M2 microkeratome. AS-OCT was used at 1 month postoperatively to evaluate the thickness of each flap at four points, which were 1 and 2 mm from the corneal vertex on the horizontal meridian. Results At the sixth month postoperatively, the uncorrected visual acuity was 0.98±0.10 in the FS-LASIK group and 0.98±0.11 in the microkeratome group, which denotes the efficacy of both procedures. No vision-threatening complications occurred in either group. The average flap thickness at 1 mm was 114.93±3.04 µm in the FS-LASIK group compared with 128.57±3.98 µm in the microkeratome group, with a statistically significant difference (P=0.000). The difference between the achieved and intended flap thickness at 1 mm (accuracy) was 4.93±3.04 µm in the FS-LASIK group compared with 18.57±3.98 µm in the microkeratome group, with a statistically significant difference (P=0.000). At 2 mm, the average flap thickness was 115.22±3.34 µm in the FS-LASIK group compared with 139.00±4.75 µm in the microkeratome group (P=0.000). The flap accuracy at 2 mm was 5.22±3.34 µm and 29.00±4.75 µm in the FS-LASIK group and the microkeratome group, respectively (P=0.000). Flap morphology showed a planar shape (uniform) in the FS-LASIK group and a meniscus shape in the microkeratome group. Conclusion Both FS-LASIK and microkeratome techniques were safe and efficient in correcting myopia and myopic astigmatism, achieving good visual outcome. AS-OCT showed that flaps created by the FS laser were more accurate and uniform than those created by the Moria M2 microkeratome.


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