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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 242-248

Flap thickness and side-cut angle using sub-Bowman keratomileusis microkeratome, 200-kHz femtosecond laser system, and Moria M2 microkeratome

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
MD, FRCS Sarah Azzam
Department of Ophthalmology, Cairo University, 50 Gezirat El Arab Street, Mohandeseen, Giza 12411
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/DJO.DJO_37_20

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Purpose The aim of this study was to compare the thickness and side-cut angle of corneal flap in candidates undergoing laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis using sub-Bowman keratomileusis (SBK) microkeratome, femtosecond (FS) laser, or Moria M2 microkeratome (MK). Patients and methods This prospective clinical study included 60 eyes of 30 patients. They were divided into three groups (20 eyes in each group). The study was conducted from January 2019 till December 2019. Corneal flaps were created using Moria SBK microkeratome, Alcon Wavelight FS-200 FS laser, or Moria MK. Heidelberg anterior segment optical coherence tomography was done 1 month postoperatively to assess the central flap thickness and side-cut angle. Results The mean error cut angle was −39.00±19.00, 24.75±12.56, and −25.65±10.31° in the SBK, FS, and MK groups, respectively (P<0.001). The mean difference between the intended and achieved flap thickness was 1.50±8.06 μm in the SBK group, −1.20±6.86 μm in the FS group, and 16.25±29.73 μm in the MK group (P=0.340). Conclusion There was a statistically significant difference between the intended and achieved side-cut angle in the three groups. Flap thickness was more predictable in the SBK and FS group, with an insignificant difference between the intended and achieved flap thickness, whereas in the MK group, the difference was statistically significant.

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