• Users Online: 184
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 57-62

Ocular involvement and its manifestations in rheumatoid arthritis patients

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Beni Suef University, Beni Suef, Egypt
2 Memorial Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Giza, Egypt
3 Department of Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, Beni Suef University, Beni Suef, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Safaa A Aboud
23 Namek street, Moold Elnaby Square, Beni Suef
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/DJO.DJO_17_17

Rights and Permissions

Background Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disease associated with a number of extra-articular organ manifestations. Ocular manifestations involved with RA are keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), episcleritis, scleritis, keratitis, and retinal vasculitis. The etiopathogenesis of this autoimmune disorder is still debated. The aim of the current study was to present different ocular manifestations of RA and their frequency. Patients and methods A total of 180 patients with RA participated in this cross-sectional survey. All patients were subjected to general and specific examinations, ophthalmological examinations, and rheumatologic examinations in addition to blood investigations for rheumatoid factor and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide. Results Of the 180 examined patients, 61 (33.9%) patients had ocular manifestations. There were 52 (85.3%) patients with KCS, three (4.9%) patients with episcleritis, three (4.9%) patients with scleritis, and three (4.9%) patients with keratitis. Patients with longer disease duration were much more likely to have ocular manifestations (odds ratio=7.13, P<0.001). In addition, patients with positive history of steroid intake were more likely to have ocular manifestations (odds ratio=1.88, P<0.001). Conclusion Ocular manifestations involved with RA are significant. The most common manifestation of ocular involvement was KCS. Ocular manifestations were more common among patients with longer disease duration.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded316    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 4    

Recommend this journal