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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 97-102

N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate tissue adhesive versus subcuticular skin closure in external dacryocystorhinostomy

Research Institute of Ophthalmology, Oculoplasty Unit, Ophthalmology Department, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Dikran G Hovaghimian
Research Institute of Ophthalmology, 17 Roushdy Street, #2 Midan Safir, Heliopolis, Cairo 11361
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-9173.165062

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Purpose The aim of this study was to compare the surgical efficacy and aesthetic outcome of using tissue adhesive N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate 'Histoacryl' with subcuticular suture closure of skin incision in external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). Design The present study was conducted as an interventional study. Patients and methods A total of 60 chronic dacryocystitis patients undergoing DCR procedures at the Research Institute of Ophthalmology were included. The patients were randomly selected, irrespective of age, sex or race, and were divided into two groups of 30 patients each. A classic external DCR was done for all the patients. At the completion of the surgery, the skin incisions in group 'A' were closed with vicryl 6/0 subcuticular suture, whereas in group 'B' N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate 'Histoacryl' (FDA approved) tissue adhesive was used to close the skin incisions. No subcutaneous sutures were placed to approximate the wound edges. After 20 s of drying time the adhesive was applied for the second time. All the patients were followed up on the first day, fourth day, first week, second week, first month, and then monthly thereafter for 6 months. The time of suturing the wound and the time of application of the tissue adhesive was recorded for all the patients in both groups. During follow-up the wound was examined for evidence of infection, pain and discharge, and an inquiry was carried out for patient satisfaction. Photographs of the wounds were taken at every visit. The photographs were then shown to a senior surgeon, who was oblivious of the method of closing the wound, and rated the quality of skin incision according to 'WES scale'. Results No intraoperative wound complications were encountered in any patient. Statistical analysis of the data available, at 1 month, showed no statistically significant differences between the two groups as regards duration of healing, inflammation or final incision appearance as rated by the senior surgeon. Skin closure time averaged 61 s in subcuticular suture and 52 s in N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate skin glue, which was statistically insignificant. Conclusion Using N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate glue is an effective and a reliable method for skin closure, yielding similar aesthetic results as skin closure with subcuticular sutures in clean incision for external DCR surgery. It is safe, quick, does not compromise wound integrity, is adequately tolerated by the patients and could be considered an excellent alternative and an improvement on the traditional method of wound closure, providing high level of satisfaction for both patient and surgeon.

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